Democracy'S Fourth Wave?: Digital Media and the Arab Spring download free [PDF and Ebook] by Muzammil M. Hussain

Democracy'S Fourth Wave?: Digital Media and the Arab Spring download free [PDF and Ebook] by Muzammil M. Hussain year 2013
  • Book name: Democracy'S Fourth Wave?: Digital Media and the Arab Spring
  • Author: Muzammil M. Hussain
  • Release date: 2013/3/22
  • Publisher: OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS INC
  • Language: English
  • Genre or Collection: Reference
  • ISBN: 9780199936977
  • Rating: 7.55 of 10
  • Votes: 824
  • Review by: Lawrence Gladney
  • Review rating: 9.96 of 10
  • Review Date: 2018/11/26
  • Total pages: 160
  • Includes a PDF summary of 18 pages
  • Description or summary of the book: In 2011, the international community watched as a shockingly unlikely community of citizens toppled three of the world's most entrenched dictators: Ben Ali in Tunisia, Mubarak in Egypt, and Qaddafi in Libya. This movement of cascading democratization, commonly known as the Arab Spring, was planned and executed not by political parties, but by students, young entrepreneurs, and the rising urban middle class. International experts and the popular press have pointed tothe near-identical reliance on digital media in all three movements, arguing that these authoritarian regimes were in essence defeated by the Internet. Is that true? Should Mubarak blame Twitter for his sudden fall from power? Did digital media 'cause' the Arab Spring? In Democracy's Fourth Wave?, Philip N. Howard and Muzammil M. Hussain examine the complex role of the Internet, mobile phones, and social networking applications in the Arab Spring. Examining digital media access, level of grievance, and levels of protest for popular democratization in 16 countries in the Middle East and North Africa, Howard and Hussain conclude that digital media was neither the most nor the least important cause of the Arab Spring. Instead, they illustrate a complexweb of conjoined causal factors for social mobilization. The Arab revolts cascaded across countries largely because digital media allowed communities to realize shared grievances and nurtured transportable strategies for mobilizing against dictators. Individuals were inspired to protest for personal reasons,but through social media they acted collectively. Democracy's Fourth Wave examines not only the unexpected evolution of events during the Arab Spring, but the longer history of desperate-and creative-digital activism through the Arab world.
  • Estimated reading time (average reader): 8H50M40S
  • Other categories, genre or collection: Political Campaigning & Advertising, Political Activism, Political Control & Freedoms, Communication Studies, General & World History, Media Studies
  • Available formats: DOC, DjVu, WORD, EPUB, BMP, RB, TXT, PDF. Compressed in RAR, RPM, AZW4, TAR.GZ, BZ, ZIP
  • Download servers: Uploaded, 4Shared, Mediafire, 1fichier, FileServe, Google Drive, MegaCloud, MEGA, Send U It
  • Format: Paperback
  • Approximate value: 31.68 USD
  • Dimensions: 155x235x11mm
  • Weight: 214g
  • Printed by: Not Available
  • Published in: New York, United States
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